Brain Injury Statistics

Click on the graph to visit the CDC’s TBI stats page.

Brain Injury in Texas

  • 144,000 Texans sustain a traumatic brain injury each year—one every 4 minutes.
  • More than 381,000 Texans live with a disability due to a TBI.
  • More than 5,700 Texas residents are permanently disabled by traumatic brain injury each year.

Brain Injury in the United States

  • CDC brain injury chart1.7 million people sustain a brain injury every year.
  • 52,000 die.
  • 275,000 are hospitalized.
  • 1.365 million, nearly 80% of those suffering from a brain injury, are treated and released from an emergency department.
  • 5.3 million Americans—a little more than 2% of the U.S. population—currently live with disabilities that resulted from brain injury.
  • The cost of TBI was $60 billion in 2000.
  • Every 21 seconds an infant, child, teenager, or adult in the U.S. sustains a traumatic brain injury—when you do the math, it means that each day, 4,100 individuals sustain a traumatic brain injury.
  • Fewer than 1 in 20 people with traumatic brain injury will receive the rehabilitation they need.
  • TBI is the leading cause of death and disability among children and young adults.
  • TBI is the 4th leading cause of death overall.
  • TBI results in 1 1/2 times more deaths than AIDS each year.
  • Each year, 275,000 persons are hospitalized with traumatic brain injury and survive.
  • Falls are the leading cause of traumatic brain injury for persons 65 and older.
  • Transportation-related injuries are the leading cause of traumatic brain injury among persons 15-64.
  • More than 50% of all motor vehicle accidents resulting in TBI involve alcohol.
  • Traumatic brain injury accounts for more years of lost productivity than any other injury.

These numbers do not take into account the incidence of other types of Acquired Brain Injury, such as stroke, encephalitis or other infectious diseases, anoxic/hypoxic injury (lack of oxygen to the brain), aneurysms, seizure disorders, surgical procedures, and toxic exposure.

Brain injury has become a national epidemic. It is estimated that more that 50,000 Americans die annually from brain injuries and that over 300,000 have injuries severe enough to require hospitalization. Of this group, approximately 80,000 people a year are left with cognitive or behavioral deficits of such a degree as to result in lifelong disabilities.

Males aged 14 to 24 years are at highest risk. Community facilities for the rehabilitation of persons with brain injury are limited and in many areas are nonexistent. As a result, survivors of brain injury have often been silently and shamefully closeted away in psychiatric institutions or nursing homes.

Learn more alarming statistics about brain injuries in the U.S. by contacting Texas Brain Injury Alliance at